Kiai Haji Abdul Wahab Hasbullah

Kiai Haji Abdul Wahab Hasbullah (born in Jombang, March 1888, died December 29, 1971) was a founder of the Nahdatul Ulama clerics. KH Abdul Wahab Hasbullah is a scholar of modern-minded, proselytizing, he begins by establishing the mass media or newspapers, namely the general daily “Soeara Nahdlatul Oelama” or Soeara NO and NU News. KH Abdul Wahab Hasbullah father is Kyai Said, Caregiver Pesantren Tambakberas Jombang East Java, while his mother named Fatima.

He is also a pioneer in open forum discussion among scholars, both within the NU, Muhammadiyah and other organizations. He studied at Pesantren Langitan Tuban, Pesantren Mojosari Nganjuk, Pesantren Tawangsari Throughout, learning on Syaikhona R. Muhammad Kholil Bangkalan Madura, and Pesantren in Jombang Tebuireng under the care of Hadratusy Sheikh KH. M. Hashim Ash’ari. In addition, Kyai Wahab also traveled to Mecca to learn from the Shaykh at-Tirmasi Mahfudz and Shaykh Al-Yamani, with the result of exceptional value.

KH. A. Wahab Hasbullah is the pioneer of freedom of thought among Muslims in Indonesia, particularly in environments nahdhiyyin. KH. A. Wahab Hasbullah was a great scholar of Indonesia. He is a scholar who emphasized the importance of religious freedom, especially freedom of thought and opinion. For that Kyai Abdul Wahab Hasbullah form discussion groups Tashwirul Afkar (upheaval Thought) in Surabaya in 1941.

At first, this group held an activity with a limited participant. But thanks to the principle of freedom of thought and opinion that is applied and the topics discussed have a wide range of community, in a short time this group became very popular and attracted attention among the youth. Many Muslim leaders from all walks of life meet in the forum was to debate and solve complicated problems that are considered important.

Afkar Tashwirul not only raise the clergy boarding. He will also be a forum of communication and exchange of information among national leaders as well as a bridge for communication between young and old. Because of the nature of recruitment is more concerned with progression of thinking and acting, then it is also clear discussion group is also a forum for young cadre devoted to scientific thought and the political world.

Simultaneously, from his home in Kertopaten, Surabaya, Kyai Abdul Wahab Hasbullah with KH. Mas Mansur collect a number of scholars in the organization Nahdlatul Wathan (Resurrection of the country) who obtain legal entity status in 1916. From this organization Kyai Abdul Wahab Hasbullah won the trust and full support of scholars boarding schools more or less like-minded with him. Among the scholars who assembled it is Kyai Bisri Syansuri (Denanyar Jombang), Kyai Abdul Halim, (Leimunding Cirebon), Kyai Abdul Aziz Alwi, Kyai Ma’shum (Lasem) and Kyai Cholil (Kasingan Apex). Freedom of thought and opinion that pioneered Kyai Wahab Hasbullah by forming Tashwirul Afkar is his most important legacy to the Muslims of Indonesia. Kyai Wahab has been pointed out to future generations that the principle of freedom of thought and opinion can be run in shades of strong religious. The principle of freedom of thought and opinion will not diminish the spirit of religious spiritualism and levels of faith a Muslim. With the principle of freedom of thought and opinion, the Muslims would be able to solve social problems with a knife Islamic analysis.

Kyai Wahab never once visited by someone who asked for a fatwa on the previous Qurban man come to the Kyai Bisri Syansuri. “Whereas according to the law of Fiqh berqurban a cow was just reward for the seven men alone”, said Kyai Bisri. However, The So and so was hoping that asking young children can be accommodated as well. Of course Kyai Bisri unsatisfactory answer for him, because his son’s eighth could not share in the reward Qurban. Then by Kyai Wahab logical solution found for Si Fulan earlier. “For a small son had bought a goat to be a leap into the cow’s back,” exclaimed Kyai Wahab.

From the above bit of the story, we know clearly that the art of preaching in the community that require a broad horizon of thinking and flexible. Kyai Wahab use Ushuliyyah rule “Maa yudraku kulluh laa, laa yutraku julluh”, What can not be expected all of them should not be left at all. This is where the role of Usul Fiqh Fiqh feels very dominant than themselves.

From the historical record of the establishment of GP Ansor born from the womb of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU). Starting from the difference between traditional leaders and modernist figures that appear in the body Nahdlatul Wathan, religious organizations engaged in Islamic education, guidance and coaching cadre mubaligh. KH. Abdul Wahab Hasbullah, traditional leaders and KH. Mas Mansyur modernist wing, eventually taking a different movement currents precisely in the middle of the growing enthusiasm for establishing Islamic youth organizations. Two years after the split, in 1924 the young men who support the KH. M. Hasyim Asyari-which later became the founder of the NU-formed container with the name Syubbanul Wathan (Youth Homeland).

This organization became the forerunner to the establishment of the Youth Movement Ansor after changing names like Unity Youth NU (PPNU), Youth NU (PNU), and Anshoru Nahdlatul Oelama (ANO).

Ansor name is a suggestion KH. Abdul-Wahab Hasbullah great scholar and teacher of young people at that time, which is taken from the name given the honor of Prophet Muhammad SAW to the people of Madinah who had been instrumental in the struggle to defend and uphold the religion of Allah. Thus ANO intended to take the wisdom and role model to the attitudes, behavior and spirit of the struggle of the companions of the Prophet who received the title Ansor it. ANO movement should always refer to the basic values ​​Ansor companions, namely as a helper, fighters and even the pioneer in broadcasting, uphold and fortify the Islamic teachings.

Although the ANO is expressed as part of the NU, the formal organizational structure of the organization is not listed in NU. New at NU Congress 9th in Banyuwangi, on the 10th of Muharram 1353 AH or 24 April 1934, ANO received and approved as part of (the department) NU youth. ANO inclusion as one of the departments within the institutional structure of NU kiai-kiai struggle thanks to young like KH. Machfudz Siddiq, KH. A. Wahid Hasyim, KH. Dachlan


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Kiai Haji Mas Mansoer

Kiai Haji Mas Mansoer (born in Surabaya, June 25, 1896 – died in Surabaya, 25 April 1946 at age 49 years) was an Islamic leader and national hero of Indonesia.

His mother named Raudhah, a wealthy woman who comes from a family Sidoresmo Pesantren settlement Wonokromo Surabaya. His father named KH. Mas Achmad Marzoeqi, a pioneer of Islam, a renowned religious scholars of his time in East Java. He comes from noble lineage Astatinggi Sumenep, Madura. He was known as imams and preachers in mosques remain Ampel, a respectable position at the time.

Passed his childhood with his father to study religion in itself. In addition, he also studied at Sidoresmo Pesantren settlement, with Kiai Muhammad Taha as a teacher. In 1906, when Mas Mansur was ten years old, he was sent by his father to boarding school Demangan, Bangkalan, Madura. There, he examines the Qur’an and studying the book of Alfiyah to Kiai Khalil ibn Malik. Not long ago he learned there about two years, Kia Khalil dies, so Mas Mansur left the boarding school and returned to Surabaya.

Demangan home from boarding school in 1908, his parents are advised to perform the pilgrimage in Mecca, and learning that originated in Kiai Mahfudz from Termas boarding school in Central Java. After about four years studying there, the political situation in Saudi forced him to move to Egypt. Ruler of Saudi Arabia, Sharif Hussen, issued instructions that foreigners should leave Mecca in order not involved the dispute. At first Mansoer Mas father would not let into Egypt, because the image of Egypt (Cairo) was less good in the eyes of his father, namely as a place of fun and the immoral. However, Mas Mansoer continued to carry out his wish without the permission of their parents. Bitterness and hardship because they do not get money from her parents for tuition fees and living expenses should be lived. Therefore, he often fasted on Monday and Thursday and get money and food from the mosques. This situation lasted less than one year, and after that his parents sent him back the funds to study in Egypt.

In Egypt, he studied at Al-Azhar University in Shaykh Ahmad Maskawih. The atmosphere of Egypt at that time was intense, incessant build and foster a spirit of nationalism and renewed awakening. Many leaders foster a spirit of Egyptian people, either through mass media and speeches. Mas Mansoer also take advantage of this condition by reading the writings are scattered in the mass media and listen to his speeches. He was in Egypt for approximately two years. Before returning to their homeland, first he stopped first at Mecca during one year, and in 1915 he returned to Indonesia.

On his return from studying in Egypt and Mecca, he married the daughter of Haji Arif Siti Zakijah who lived not far from his home. From the results of his marriage, they were blessed with six children, namely Nafiah, Ainoerrafiq, Aminah, Mohammad Noeh, Ibrahim and-Loek Loek. In addition to marry Siti Zakijah, she was also married to Halima. He lives with second wife did not last long, only two years, due in 1939 Halimah’s death.

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Kiai Haji Abdul Wahid Hasyim

Kiai Haji Abdul Wahid Hasyim (born in Jombang, East Java, June 1, 1914 – died in Cimahi, West Java, 19 April 1953 at age 38 years) is a national hero of Indonesia and the first cabinet minister of state in Indonesia. He is the father of the fourth Indonesian president, Abdurrahman Wahid and the son of Hashim Asy’arie, one of Indonesia’s national heroes. Wahid Hasjim buried in Tebuireng, Jombang.

In 1939, NU has become a member MIAI (A’la Indonesian Islamic Council), a party federations and Islamic organizations in the era of Dutch occupation. When the Japanese occupation that is exactly on the date of October 24, 1943 he was appointed to the Shura Council Chairman Muslimin Indonesia (Masyumi) replacing MIAI. As the leader of Masyumi he pioneered the establishment of the Barisan Hizbullah that helps Muslims realize the independence struggle. In addition to engaging in a political movement, in 1944 he established the Islamic High School in Jakarta that parenting is handled by KH. A. Kahar Muzakkir. By independence in 1945 he became a member BPUPKI and PPKI.

Wahid Hasyim died in a car accident in Cimahi April 19, 1953.

K. H. A. Wahid Hasyim with a myriad of thoughts about religion, country, education, politics, society, NU, and boarding schools, has a layer of history to all of Indonesian Islamic and which can not be replaced by anyone. To commemorate a century of birth K. H. A. Wahid Hasyim, held a series of events in several cities in Java, Sumatra, and Sulawesi. The event began with Scientific Writing Contest (LKTI) on a followed Wahid Hasyim 260 papers from the category of students / student and student / general and will end with a national seminar on political thought Wahid Hasyim on June 25, 2011.

The program was initiated by the family of K. H. A. Wahid Hasyim was done as a form of respect and raised thoughts – thoughts K. H. A. Wahid Hasyim about the renewal of Islam in Indonesia.

“As the heroes of other nations, we must honor and raise the value of struggle. Similarly, for Kiai Wahid, because there is value kejuangan and prominent role of himself for independence, as a brilliant leader of progressive and even gave new value to the Department of Religion.” Reveal Chairman of the Committee Implementing A Decade KHA Wahid Hasyim, Aisyah Hamid Baidlowi.

Abdul Wahid Hasyim is one of the men who helped carve the history of this country in the early days of independence of the Republic Indonesia.Terlahir Friday Legi, 5 Rabi Beginning in 1333 AH or June 1, 1914, Wahid kemasyarakatannya gait began at relatively young age. After studying religion to various boarding schools in East Java and Mecca, at the age of 21 years Wahid make a “breakthrough” new in the world of education in his day. In the spirit of promoting Islamic boarding schools, boarding schools Wahid integrate teaching pattern that focuses on the teachings of religion with science lessons umum.Sistem classical transformed into a tutorial system. In addition to Arabic language lessons, students are also taught English and Dutch. That madrassa nidzamiyah.

Caregiver Leader Ireng Pesantren Tebu, K. H. Ir. Salahuddin Wahid (Gus Sholah) recalled, “Kiai Wahid is an NU leader of a kind that is not much we discover, the organizational leader, the kind of” workers “instead of” speaker “. Kiai Wahid, also known as a man of action not the sort of man of ideas. He also threw an idea not only clever but can make it happen. ”

Although his father, Shaikh Hashim hadratush Ash’ari, the founder of NU, it took several years for Wahid Hasyim to consider various things before finally deciding run in the NU. At the age of 25 years Wahid joined the Islamic Council A’la Indonesia (MIAI), a federation of Islamic organizations and parties at the time. A year later, Wahid became head MIAI.

His political career continued to rise rapidly. NU Chairman, members of the Board of Inquiry’s efforts Preparation of Indonesian Independence (BPUPKI) and the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI), to the Minister of Religion in three cabinet (Hatta, Natsir, and Sukiman). Many important contributions are given Wahid for religion and nation.

The formulation “Belief in God Almighty” in the Pancasila as the successor of the obligation for adherents of Sharia Running of the role of an Wahid Hasyim. Wahid is known as a moderate figure, substantive, and inclusive.

Ironically, as a great man born of a great figure (Hadratus Shaikh Hashim Ash’ari) and gave birth to great men (Abdurrahman “Gus Dur” Wahid) with the role and contribution is very important for the Unitary Republic of Indonesia, not much is known by the current generation about Wahid Hasyim. In addition to its death in a relatively young age, 39 years old, not too much work and thought Wahid, who documented and well-publicized.

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KH Ibrahim

Kyai Haji Ibrahim (born in Yogyakarta, May 7, 1874 – died in Yogyakarta, 13 October 1932 at age 58 years). He is general chairman of Muhammadiyah, the second which replaces KH. Ahmad Dahlan. KH. Ibrahim is the son of KH. Fadlil Rachmaningrat, a District Judge prince in the days of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono VII, and he is the younger brother of Nyai Ahmad Dahlan. KH. Ibrahim is a cleric who memorized the Qur’an (Hafidh), art experts read Al-Quran (qira’at), as well as proficient in Arabic. In the period of his leadership, many Muhammadiyah branches established in various places in Indonesia.

Prior to Dahlan’s death, he told on his friends for Muhamadiyah sepeniggalnya leadership baton handed over to Kiai Haji Ibrahim. At first KH. Ibrahim is known as great scholars are unable to bear such a heavy burden. But at the urging of his friends for the founder of Muhammadiyah’s mandate could be met, he finally accepted it. Muhammadiyah confirmed its leadership in the month of March 1923 in the Annual Meeting of Members of the Muhammadiyah as Voorzitter Hoofdbestuur Moehammadijah East Indies (Soedja `, 1933: 232). KH. Ibrahim was born in the village Kauman Yogyakarta on May 7, 1874. He is the son of KH. Fadlil Rachmaningrat, a District Judge prince in the days of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta Sultan Hamengkubuwono to VII (Soedja `. 1933: 227), and he is the younger brother of Ahmad Dahlan Nyai. Abraham was married to Siti bint Abdulrahman alias Moechidah Djojotaruno (Soeja `. 1933:228) in 1904. His marriage to Siti Moechidah did not last long, because she immediately summoned to Allah. Some time later Abraham was married to the mother Moesinah Ragin daughter of KH. Abdulrahman (younger brother of the mother Moechidah). Mother Moesinah (Nyai Ibrahim that the 2nd), blessed with a long life of up to 108 years, and had died on September 9, 1998. According to the assessment of the friends and relatives, Mrs. Moesinah Ibrahim is a portrait of a woman ascetic, patient, likes to pray night and fond friendship. Because of his personality that was then Hj. Moesinah often described as an exemplary mother (voice `Aisyiyah. No.1/1999: 20). Ibrahim’s childhood passed in the care of their parents by reviewing the Koran taught since the age of 5 years. He also guided to deepen the science of religion by his own brother (eldest brother), namely KH. M. Nur. He perform the pilgrimage at the age of 17 years, and also continued their studies in Mecca for about 7-8 years. In 1902 he returned to his homeland because his father was very old. KH. Ibrahim, who always wore a long robe and turban known as great scholars and knowledgeable high. Arriving in the homeland, KH. Ibrahim received overwhelming response from the community. Many people flock to the Koran presented to KH. Ibrahim. He includes a great scholar intelligent, broad minded, very deep knowledge and respected. He memorized (Hafidh) al-Quran and expert qira’ah (the art of reading the Qur’an), and fluent in Arabic. As a Javanese, he was greatly admired by many people because of the skill and eloquence in the memorization of the Qur’an and the Arabic language. Once people are so amazed and astonished, when in his opening speech (khutbah al-‘arsy or now called sermon Iftitah) Muhammadiyah Congress 19th in the high-Hill West Sumatra in 1939, he delivered in a fluent Arabic. KH. Ibrahim also led the mother to be diligent in performing good deeds and worship, always remember God, diligently working on Islamic religious orders and given the name of adh-Dzakiraat (Soedja `, 1933: 136). Adh-Dzakiraat Society provides many services to the Muhammadiyah and the `Aisyiyah, for example, help a lot of fundraising for the Cash Muhammadiyah,` Aisyiyah, PKU, Section Tabligh, and the Park Poestaka. Pengajian KH who cared. Abraham had used the method sorogan and weton. Study carried out every day, except on Friday and Tuesday. In applying these two methods, used at different times, namely: 1.Pada morning from 07:00 until 09:00 sorogan way, namely the Koran to be taught one by one / one by one, especially for young children in Kauman on at that time. 2.When the evening after ‘Asr until approximately 17:00 weton way, namely how to teach the Koran in a way reading was Kyai-santrinya students listen to each one holding his book. Since the leadership of Ibrahim, Muhammadiyah progress so rapidly. Muhammadiyah is growing across Indonesia, and pervasive throughout Java and Madura. Congress-Congress began to be held outside the city of Yogyakarta, such as Muhammadiyah Congress to-15 in Surabaya, Muhammadiyah Congress to-16 in Pekalongan, Muhammadiyah Congress of the 17th in Solo, the 19 th Congress of Muhammadiyah in Bukittinggi, Muhammadiyah Congress to-21 in Napier , and Muhammadiyah Congress to-22 in Semarang. With the move-displacement where the congress, the Muhammadiyah can be extended to all parts of Indonesia. According to records Mr. AR Fachruddin (1991), during the leadership of KH. Ibrahim, activities that can be said to stand out, important and worth noting are: 1.Pada 1924, Abraham founded the Fonds Dachlan which aims to finance a school for poor children. In 1925, he also held a mass circumcision. In addition, he also made repairs marriage agencies to match children of the Muhammadiyah family. Muhammadiyah also a vigorous propaganda disseminated outside of Java (AR Fachruddin, 1991). 2.When the period of the leadership of Abraham, Muhammadiyah since 1928 to send the sons and daughters graduate schools Muhammadiyah (Mu `allimin, Mu` allimat, Tabligh School, Normaalschool) to all corners of the country, later known as the ‘arrows Muhammadiyah’ (AR Fachruddin, 1991). 3.Pada Muhammadiyah Congress in Solo in 1929, namely in his tenure, Muhammadiyah build Uitgeefster My, that is a business entity publishing the bernanung Muhammadiyah schools under the Council of Library Park. At the same time a decline in pictures Ahmad Dahlan because at that time there are symptoms of his cult. While in Congress Muhammadiyah to-21 in Napier in 1932 decided to publish a newspaper Muhammadiyah (dagblaad). For its implementation be submitted to the Executive Branch of Muhammadiyah Solo, who later called Adil. 4.KH. Abraham always re-elected as chairman of the Muhammadiyah Congress ten times during the period of his leadership. He gave more freedom of movement for the younger generation to express its activity in da’wah movement Muhammadiyah. In addition, he also succeeded in guiding the movement to more advanced Aisyiyah, orderly, and strong. He also succeeded in improving the quality takmirul masajid (management of the mosques), and also succeeded in encouraging the establishment of Cooperative adh-Dzakirat. 5.Dalam his tenure, Muhammadiyah has experienced slander from those who do not like going to the progress of the Muhammadiyah. Muhammadiyah and board amount is considered as an accomplice Politieke Economische Bond (PEB), an organization formed by the unity of the Dutch-owned sugar mills. Tujun PEB is to organize coordination and cooperation between the sugar factory in Central Java and East Java in the production, marketing, and also in the socio-cultural aspects of the existing politico-economic relationship with the sugar factory. PEB established associations with the name Jam’iyatul Hasanah which aims to bring teachers of religion and finance them to teach Islam to the workers at the sugar factory. Thus, the Executive Board of Muhammadiyah slander against the greater because the Executive Board of Muhammadiyah deemed to have worked and received funding from the PEB, which is an accomplice Netherlands. But slander can be overcome by the openness of the leadership of KH. Abraham invited the envoys from Muhammadiyah branches to examine the financial and minutes of meetings at the Executive Board of Muhammadiyah in Yogyakarta, and proved that the slander is not true. 6.Pada period KH leadership. Ibrahim has been held ten times the Annual Meeting of Muhammadiyah constant chosen as Chairman of the Executive Board of Muhammadiyah. Starting in 1926, the Annual Meeting of the term be replaced by Muhammadiyah Muhammadiyah Congress, which took place in Surabaya as of the 5th Congress of the Muhammadiyah. KH. Ibrahim died in a very young age, 46 years, beginning in 1934 after a long illness. Under his leadership, Muhammadiyah has developed very rapidly, even at the Muhammadiyah Congress to-22 in Semarang in 1933 (the last in a period of Muhammadiyah Congress leadership KH. Ibrahim) Muhammadiyah branches have been established in almost all the ground water

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Kyai Haji Hasyim Ashari

KH. Hasyim Asy'arieMohammad Hashim Ashari or Kyai Haji Mohammad Hashim Ashari (Asy’arie also often spelled as Ash’ari or Asy’arie) (10 April 1875-25 July 1947 are pengasas NU, the largest Islamic mass organizations in Indonesia.

Born in Jombang, KH Hasyim Asyari is the third son among 11 people younger brother and sister. His father named Kyai Asyari, a leader boarding Hardware Religious School, located on the south side of Jombang, when her mother named Halimah. He is a descendant of the mother-to-Joko kelapan Tingkir (Sultan Pajang).

The following is the full salasilah:

1. Ainul Yaqin (Sunan Giri)
2. Abdurrohman (Jake Tingkir)
3. Abdul Halim (Prince Benawa)
4. Abdurrohman (Prince Samhud Bagda)
5. Abdul Halim
6. Abdul Wahid
7. Abu Sarwan
8. KH. Ash’ari (Jombang)
9. KH. Hashim Ash’ari (Jombang).

KH Hasyim Asyari learn the basics of religion rather than father and datuknya, Kyai Uthman, who is also leader of Religious boarding school in Jombang Nggedang. Since the age of 15 years, he traveled studying at various religious boarding schools, including religious boarding school in Probolinggo Wonokoyo, School of Religion in Tuban Langitan boarding, boarding Trenggilis Religious Schools in Hyderabad, School of Religion in Bangkalan Kademangan boarding, and the School of Religion BerasramaSiwalan in Sidoarjo.

In 1892, KH Hasyim studying Asyari go to Mecca, and studied under Sheikh Ahmad and Sheikh Khatib at-Tarmisi Mahfudh.

In 1899, his return from Mecca, KH Hasyim Asyari mengasaskan boarding Cane Ireng Religious School, which later became the largest religious school boarding and most important in Java in the 20th century.

In 1926, Hashim Asyari become one pengasas Nadhlatul Ulama (NU), which aims to arouse the clergy.

Asyari Hashim died in 1947 and was buried in Cane Ireng, Jombang.

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Kyai Haji Ahmad Dahlan

KH. Ahmad DahlanKyai Haji Ahmad Dahlan (born in Yogyakarta, August 1, 1868 – died in Yogyakarta, February 23, 1923 at age 54 years) is a National Hero of Indonesia. He waswas the fourth son of seven children of a family of KH Abu Bakr. KH Abu Bakr was a scholar and a leading preacher in the Great Mosque of Yogyakarta Sultanate at that time, and the mother of KH Ahmad Dahlan was the daughter of H. Ibrahim, who also serves Ngayogyakarta Sultanate rulers at that time.

Forename KH. Ahmad Muhammad Dahlan is Dervish. He is the fourth child of seven brothers who all female relatives, except her youngest sister. He included the twelfth descendant of Maulana Malik Ibrahim, one of the foremost among Walisongo, the pioneer of the spread of Islam in Java. [1] The genealogy is Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Maulana Ishaq, Maulana ‘Ainul Yaqin, Maulana Muhammad Fadlullah (Sunan Prapen), Maulana Sulaiman Ki Ageng Gribig (Djatinom), Demat Djurung Sapisan omen readers, Demat Djurung Kapindo omen readers, Kyai Ilyas, Kyai Murtadla, KH. Mohammad Sulaiman, KH. Abu Bakr, and Muhammad Darwisy (Ahmad Dahlan). [2]

At the age of 15, he went to Hajj and stayed in Mecca for five years. In this period, Ahmad Dahlan began to interact with the ideas in the Islamic reformers such as Muhammad Abduh, Al-Afghani, Rashid Rida and Ibn Taymiyyah. When returned to his village in 1888, he changed the name to Ahmad Dahlan.

In 1903, he departed back to Mecca and settled for two years. At this time, he had studied to Sheikh Ahmad Khatib who is also the teacher of the founder of NU, KH. Hasyim Asyari. In 1912, he founded the village Kauman Muhammadiyah, Yogyakarta.

On his return from Mecca, he married Siti Walidah, his own cousin, the son of Kyai Haji Fadhil prince, later known as Nyai Ahmad Dahlan, a National Pahlawanan and founder Aisyiyah. From his marriage to Siti Walidah, KH. Ahmad Dahlan have six children namely Djohanah, Siradj Dahlan, Siti Busyro, Irfan Dahlan, Siti Aisyah, Siti Zaharah. [1] In addition, KH. Ahmad Dahlan had also married Nyai Abdullah, widow of H. Abdullah. He also never married Nyai Rum, brother of Kyai Munawwir Krapyak. KH. Ahmad Dahlan also has a son from his marriage with Ayesha Nyai (brother Adjengan prince) named Dandanah Cianjur. He had also married to Yasin Pakualaman Nyai Yogyakarta. [3]

KH. Ahmad Dahlan was buried in KarangKajen, Yogyakarta.

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