Kiai Haji Abdul Wahab Hasbullah (born in Jombang, March 1888, died December 29, 1971) was a founder of the Nahdatul Ulama clerics. KH Abdul Wahab Hasbullah is a scholar of modern-minded, proselytizing, he begins by establishing the mass media or newspapers, namely the general daily “Soeara Nahdlatul Oelama” or Soeara NO and NU News. KH Abdul Wahab Hasbullah father is Kyai Said, Caregiver Pesantren Tambakberas Jombang East Java, while his mother named Fatima.
He is also a pioneer in open forum discussion among scholars, both within the NU, Muhammadiyah and other organizations. He studied at Pesantren Langitan Tuban, Pesantren Mojosari Nganjuk, Pesantren Tawangsari Throughout, learning on Syaikhona R. Muhammad Kholil Bangkalan Madura, and Pesantren in Jombang Tebuireng under the care of Hadratusy Sheikh KH. M. Hashim Ash’ari. In addition, Kyai Wahab also traveled to Mecca to learn from the Shaykh at-Tirmasi Mahfudz and Shaykh Al-Yamani, with the result of exceptional value.
KH. A. Wahab Hasbullah is the pioneer of freedom of thought among Muslims in Indonesia, particularly in environments nahdhiyyin. KH. A. Wahab Hasbullah was a great scholar of Indonesia. He is a scholar who emphasized the importance of religious freedom, especially freedom of thought and opinion. For that Kyai Abdul Wahab Hasbullah form discussion groups Tashwirul Afkar (upheaval Thought) in Surabaya in 1941.
At first, this group held an activity with a limited participant. But thanks to the principle of freedom of thought and opinion that is applied and the topics discussed have a wide range of community, in a short time this group became very popular and attracted attention among the youth. Many Muslim leaders from all walks of life meet in the forum was to debate and solve complicated problems that are considered important.
Afkar Tashwirul not only raise the clergy boarding. He will also be a forum of communication and exchange of information among national leaders as well as a bridge for communication between young and old. Because of the nature of recruitment is more concerned with progression of thinking and acting, then it is also clear discussion group is also a forum for young cadre devoted to scientific thought and the political world.
Simultaneously, from his home in Kertopaten, Surabaya, Kyai Abdul Wahab Hasbullah with KH. Mas Mansur collect a number of scholars in the organization Nahdlatul Wathan (Resurrection of the country) who obtain legal entity status in 1916. From this organization Kyai Abdul Wahab Hasbullah won the trust and full support of scholars boarding schools more or less like-minded with him. Among the scholars who assembled it is Kyai Bisri Syansuri (Denanyar Jombang), Kyai Abdul Halim, (Leimunding Cirebon), Kyai Abdul Aziz Alwi, Kyai Ma’shum (Lasem) and Kyai Cholil (Kasingan Apex). Freedom of thought and opinion that pioneered Kyai Wahab Hasbullah by forming Tashwirul Afkar is his most important legacy to the Muslims of Indonesia. Kyai Wahab has been pointed out to future generations that the principle of freedom of thought and opinion can be run in shades of strong religious. The principle of freedom of thought and opinion will not diminish the spirit of religious spiritualism and levels of faith a Muslim. With the principle of freedom of thought and opinion, the Muslims would be able to solve social problems with a knife Islamic analysis.
Kyai Wahab never once visited by someone who asked for a fatwa on the previous Qurban man come to the Kyai Bisri Syansuri. “Whereas according to the law of Fiqh berqurban a cow was just reward for the seven men alone”, said Kyai Bisri. However, The So and so was hoping that asking young children can be accommodated as well. Of course Kyai Bisri unsatisfactory answer for him, because his son’s eighth could not share in the reward Qurban. Then by Kyai Wahab logical solution found for Si Fulan earlier. “For a small son had bought a goat to be a leap into the cow’s back,” exclaimed Kyai Wahab.
From the above bit of the story, we know clearly that the art of preaching in the community that require a broad horizon of thinking and flexible. Kyai Wahab use Ushuliyyah rule “Maa yudraku kulluh laa, laa yutraku julluh”, What can not be expected all of them should not be left at all. This is where the role of Usul Fiqh Fiqh feels very dominant than themselves.
From the historical record of the establishment of GP Ansor born from the womb of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU). Starting from the difference between traditional leaders and modernist figures that appear in the body Nahdlatul Wathan, religious organizations engaged in Islamic education, guidance and coaching cadre mubaligh. KH. Abdul Wahab Hasbullah, traditional leaders and KH. Mas Mansyur modernist wing, eventually taking a different movement currents precisely in the middle of the growing enthusiasm for establishing Islamic youth organizations. Two years after the split, in 1924 the young men who support the KH. M. Hasyim Asyari-which later became the founder of the NU-formed container with the name Syubbanul Wathan (Youth Homeland).
This organization became the forerunner to the establishment of the Youth Movement Ansor after changing names like Unity Youth NU (PPNU), Youth NU (PNU), and Anshoru Nahdlatul Oelama (ANO).
Ansor name is a suggestion KH. Abdul-Wahab Hasbullah great scholar and teacher of young people at that time, which is taken from the name given the honor of Prophet Muhammad SAW to the people of Madinah who had been instrumental in the struggle to defend and uphold the religion of Allah. Thus ANO intended to take the wisdom and role model to the attitudes, behavior and spirit of the struggle of the companions of the Prophet who received the title Ansor it. ANO movement should always refer to the basic values Ansor companions, namely as a helper, fighters and even the pioneer in broadcasting, uphold and fortify the Islamic teachings.
Although the ANO is expressed as part of the NU, the formal organizational structure of the organization is not listed in NU. New at NU Congress 9th in Banyuwangi, on the 10th of Muharram 1353 AH or 24 April 1934, ANO received and approved as part of (the department) NU youth. ANO inclusion as one of the departments within the institutional structure of NU kiai-kiai struggle thanks to young like KH. Machfudz Siddiq, KH. A. Wahid Hasyim, KH. Dachlan