Mohammad Hashim Ashari or Kyai Haji Mohammad Hashim Ashari (Asy’arie also often spelled as Ash’ari or Asy’arie) (10 April 1875-25 July 1947 are pengasas NU, the largest Islamic mass organizations in Indonesia.
Born in Jombang, KH Hasyim Asyari is the third son among 11 people younger brother and sister. His father named Kyai Asyari, a leader boarding Hardware Religious School, located on the south side of Jombang, when her mother named Halimah. He is a descendant of the mother-to-Joko kelapan Tingkir (Sultan Pajang).
The following is the full salasilah:
1. Ainul Yaqin (Sunan Giri)
2. Abdurrohman (Jake Tingkir)
3. Abdul Halim (Prince Benawa)
4. Abdurrohman (Prince Samhud Bagda)
5. Abdul Halim
6. Abdul Wahid
7. Abu Sarwan
8. KH. Ash’ari (Jombang)
9. KH. Hashim Ash’ari (Jombang).
KH Hasyim Asyari learn the basics of religion rather than father and datuknya, Kyai Uthman, who is also leader of Religious boarding school in Jombang Nggedang. Since the age of 15 years, he traveled studying at various religious boarding schools, including religious boarding school in Probolinggo Wonokoyo, School of Religion in Tuban Langitan boarding, boarding Trenggilis Religious Schools in Hyderabad, School of Religion in Bangkalan Kademangan boarding, and the School of Religion BerasramaSiwalan in Sidoarjo.
In 1892, KH Hasyim studying Asyari go to Mecca, and studied under Sheikh Ahmad and Sheikh Khatib at-Tarmisi Mahfudh.
In 1899, his return from Mecca, KH Hasyim Asyari mengasaskan boarding Cane Ireng Religious School, which later became the largest religious school boarding and most important in Java in the 20th century.
In 1926, Hashim Asyari become one pengasas Nadhlatul Ulama (NU), which aims to arouse the clergy.
Asyari Hashim died in 1947 and was buried in Cane Ireng, Jombang.